عنوان مقاله [English]
The phenomenon of abortion and its licenses in various conditions that affect the fetus and the mother are always challenging issues in Islamic societies. The current study, referring to the principle of Negation of Distress and Constriction as one of the secondary rules of jurisprudence, seeks to explain the examples of distress and constriction that provide permission for legal abortion. The article is written in a descriptive-analytical way and its sources include jurisprudence, medicine and health. The results of the research are that if the mother's life is in danger or the fetus has a serious defect that causes personal, current or perceived hardship, before the soul is attached into the fetus's body, abortion is permitted; But after the attachment of the soul, if there is a definite risk of death for the mother, it is permissible, and otherwise, abortion is not permissible. The article is based on the approach of "attracting sympathy and support" to pregnant women who, for various reasons, have difficulties during their pregnancy, but do not have permission to have an abortion.